There are many different types of developers and the lines between distinguishing which one you are can be blurred. The more experienced and professional you become, the more types you will fit. Nowadays, different developers have similar if not the same skills needed to complete their role.
However, there are also certain skills that will make a developer unable to do every developer job there is out there. For example, a mobile developer may know the same tools as a game developer but isn’t a game developer and would not be able to complete their job. This makes a huge difference in the types of developers, so below are some different types that you may come across.
The backend developer specialises in design, implementation, functional logic and performance of a system that runs on a machine which are remote from the end-user. The back end of a website is made up from a server, application and a database and a back-end developer helps to build and maintain these components. By doing this they are enabling user-facing side of a website to exist. Their development skills are Java, C++, Ruby, Python, Scala and Go.
Full stack Developer
Mobile developers write codes for applications that run on mobile devices such as tablets and smartphones. Mobile developers only started to become popular after the boom of mobile devices in the early 2000s and the growth of the smartphone market. A mobile developer understands mobile operating systems such as iOS and android and the environment and frameworks used to create software on these systems. They have a variety of development skills, such as Java, Swift, Objective-C, Application Programming Interfaces, web development languages and cross platform mobile suites.
Being a game developer is very demanding and complicated. They specialise in writing games and have specific knowledge and skills in designing engaging interactive gaming experiences. Game developers use frameworks such as DirectX, OpenGL, Unity 3D, WebGL and programming languages such as C, C++ and Java. On mobile devices, Swift and Java are used for iOS and Android games.
Data Scientist Developer
Data scientist developers write programs to analyse data sets. They are normally in charge of statistical analysis, machine learning and predictive modelling. The skill set a data scientist should have, would need to cover several science related things. For example, programming languages (R, Python), different techniques that are a valid approach, being familiar with machine learning methods, understand and know multivariable calculus and linear algebra and deal with imperfections in data. Being able to communicate all imperfections and calculus is incredibly important for these types of developers.
DevOps developers are familiar with technologies which are able to build, deploy and integrate systems and manage back end software. To simplify the definition, a developer is someone who creates applications, an Ops, deploys and monitors the applications and a DevOps can create applications and deploy and monitor them. DevOps need experience in the following skills, Kubernetes, Docker, Apache Mesos, Jenkins e.t.c and the HashiCorp stack.
Security developers specialise in creating systems, methods and procedures to test the security of software systems and fix security flaws. They use a variety of tools to complete their job such as scripting languages like Python and Ruby. They also use coding languages such as C and C++ to read and understand operating systems. The aim of their job is to ethically hack systems to discover their vulnerabilities.